It seems not a day goes by without warnings concerning the problems of high blood pressure. Untreated, it can lead to heart attack, stroke and early death. It’s discussed less often, but low blood pressure is just as potentially harmful in some cases. It’s something you will need to monitor and treat if necessary with professional medical help. It can indicate an underlying problem too.
Low Blood Pressure is Not Simple
Unlike high blood pressure, which can cause health problems later in life, low blood pressure is a much more complex issue. It won’t necessarily cause you any harm; it won’t necessarily be dangerous (but unchecked it is, potentially). What is low for you may be normal for somebody else. Low blood pressure is only problematic if it causes you visible symptoms or otherwise affects you going about your daily life. It can be symptomatic of underlying health problems. If you have low blood pressure, it is certainly worth getting checked out by a medical professional sooner rather than later.
Signs of Problematic Low Blood Pressure
Low blood pressure effectively means that not enough blood is flowing through your brain or other vital organs. Consequently, not enough oxygen is getting around the body. As discussed, this is not necessarily a problem in itself. It becomes problematic when you experience the symptoms of low blood pressure. In most cases, a single instance is nothing to worry about. If you experience any of the following symptoms repeatedly, you could have low blood pressure
- A persistent feeling of dizziness or lightheadedness
- Any episode of fainting – however, this could be temporary depending on what you were doing at the time
- Blurred vision with no other explanation
- A regular feeling of nausea
- Persistent fatigue
- Losing your balance
- Struggling to concentrate on even basic tasks
- Heart palpitations
If you experience any of these symptoms, it is wise to sit down for a few minutes and let them pass before resuming what you were doing. If they do not pass, and you experience these symptoms repeatedly, it is worth seeking medical advice about potential low blood pressure.
No single symptom is indicative of low blood pressure in itself. You will experience most of these simply getting up too quickly from a sitting or lying position. If you experience them regularly, you may be suffering from low blood pressure. It’s worth getting checked out for your peace of mind if nothing else.
Potential Causes of Low Blood Pressure
Some types of medication can cause low blood pressure, especially beta blockers which are used to combat high blood pressure, migraines and anxiety. Antidepressants, water tablets, ace inhibitors and alpha blockers are also known to cause this condition. These are listed in instruction leaflets for your medication. Assuming you are not taking these, here is a list of potential causes:
- Pregnancy: This is normal and rarely anything to worry about. It may require monitoring though. This is natural due to the extra work placed on the circulatory system
- Heart conditions such as problems with heart valves, heart attack and heart failure will all reduce the heart’s efficiency
- Poor endocrine health: Addison’s disease, diabetes and low blood sugar can sometimes cause low blood pressure
- Dehydration: Fatigue and dizziness, lowering blood pressure. There are many reasons to remain properly hydrated
- Septicaemia: It’s important to get any infection seen to. When an infection enters the blood stream, the blood becomes poisoned. One symptom is low blood pressure
- Vitamins B deficiency: This causes low blood pressure as your body is not producing enough red blood cells
- Parkinson’s Disease: More serious neurological conditions such as Parkinson’s Disease can also lead to low blood pressure